Autosomal dominant cone-rod retinal dystrophy (CORD6) from heterozygous mutation of GUCY2D, which encodes retinal guanylate cyclase.
Gregory-Evans K., Kelsell RE., Gregory-Evans CY., Downes SM., Fitzke FW., Holder GE., Simunovic M., Mollon JD., Taylor R., Hunt DM., Bird AC., Moore AT.
OBJECTIVE: To describe the clinical features of autosomal dominant cone-rod retinal dystrophy (CRD) in a British family mapping to chromosome 17p12-p13 (CORD6), with a heterozygous mutation (Glu837Asp/ Arg838Ser) of GUCY2D. DESIGN: A prospective, clinical family survey. PATIENTS: Ten affected members of a family with autosomal dominant CRD. METHODS: Full clinical examinations were undertaken. Selected affected family members underwent electrophysiologic evaluation, scotopic static perimetry, dark adaptometry, and color vision assessment. MAIN OUTCOME MEASURES: Clinical appearance and electroretinographic responses. RESULTS: Typical clinical and electroretinographic features of childhood-onset CRD were recorded. In addition, moderate myopia and pendular nystagmus were seen in affected individuals. Color vision assessment in the youngest affected individual showed no color discrimination on a tritan axis, but retention of significant red-green discrimination. Electronegative electroretinogram responses were seen on electrophysiology in the only young family member examined. CONCLUSIONS: The phenotype associated with GUCY2D CRD is clinically distinct from that associated with other dominant CRD loci. Unusual electroretinographic responses may indicate that this mutation of GUCY2D is associated with early defects in photoreceptor synaptic transmission to second-order neurons.