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BACKGROUND: There is a bidirectional link between sleep and migraine, however causality is difficult to determine. This study aimed to investigate this relationship using data collected from a smartphone application. METHODS: Self-reported data from 11,166 global users (aged 18-81 years, mean: 41.21, standard deviation: 11.49) were collected from the Migraine Buddy application (Healint Pte. Ltd.). Measures included: start and end times of sleep and migraine attacks, and pain intensity. Bayesian regression models were used to predict occurrence of a migraine attack the next day based on users' deviations from average sleep, number of sleep interruptions, and hours slept the night before in those reporting ≥ 8 and 

Original publication




Journal article


J Headache Pain

Publication Date





Bayesian, Headache, Migraine, Modelling, Pain, Sleep, Sleep deprivation, Female, Male, Humans, Adult, Bayes Theorem, Sleep, Sleep Duration, Migraine Disorders, Pain