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PURPOSE: To describe a condition with the following features: chronic central serous chorioretinopathy (CCSC), chorioretinal folds, scleral changes (including any of the following flattened or 'squared off' posterior pole, 'T sign', or thickened ocular coats), accompanied by a short axial length and hypermetropia in a series of 7 patients. METHODS: The case notes of 7 patients presenting with a combination of CSC, choroidal folds scleral changes and hypermetropia were reviewed as part of a retrospective case series. Corrected visual acuities, serial refraction, colour imaging, fluorescein and indocyanine green angiography findings, together with B-ultrasound scan features were recorded, with axial length measurements as available (

Original publication




Journal article


BMC Ophthalmol

Publication Date





Central Serous Chorioretinopathy (CSC), Chorioretinal folds, Choroidal folds, Chronic, Hypermetropia, Ocular coats thickening, Posterior pole flattening, Short axial length, T-Sign, Male, Female, Humans, Central Serous Chorioretinopathy, Retrospective Studies, Sclera, Hyperopia, Fluorescein Angiography, Indocyanine Green, Tomography, Optical Coherence, Choroid, Choroid Diseases