Cookies on this website

We use cookies to ensure that we give you the best experience on our website. If you click 'Accept all cookies' we'll assume that you are happy to receive all cookies and you won't see this message again. If you click 'Reject all non-essential cookies' only necessary cookies providing core functionality such as security, network management, and accessibility will be enabled. Click 'Find out more' for information on how to change your cookie settings.

OBJECTIVE: The progressively disabling and terminal nature of ALS/MND imposes major coping demands on patients. We wished to improve the psychometric properties of our previously published MND-Coping Scale, so that parametric analyses were valid, and to make it simpler for patients to complete and clinicians to score. METHODS: After a new qualitative analysis of 26 patients with ALS/MND, the draft Coping Index-ALS (CI-ALS) was administered to 465 additional patients, alongside COPE-60, General Perceived Self Efficacy scale, and WHOQOL-BREF. Validity of the CI-ALS was assessed using the Rasch model. External validity was checked against comparator measures. RESULTS: Thirteen centres contributed 465 patients, mean age 64.9 years (SD 10.8), mean disease duration 28.4 months (SD 37.5). The CI-ALS-Self and CI-ALS-Others both satisfied Rasch model expectations and showed invariance across age, gender, marital status and type of onset. Expected correlations were observed with comparator scales. A nomogram is available to convert the raw scores to interval level measures suitable for parametric analysis. CONCLUSIONS: Coping abilities in ALS/MND can now be measured using a simple 21 item self-report measure, offering two subscales with a focus of 'coping by self ' and 'coping with others'. This allows clinicians to identify individuals with poor coping and facilitates research on interventions that may improve coping skills.

Original publication




Journal article


J Neurol Sci

Publication Date





Amyotrophic lateral sclerosis, Coping, Disease-specific, Motor neuron disease, Patient reported outcome measure, Rasch