Shape-based reprofiling of FDA-approved drugs for the H₁ histamine receptor.
Vasudevan SR., Moore JB., Schymura Y., Churchill GC.
Reprofiling of existing drugs to treat conditions not originally targeted is an attractive means of addressing the problem of a decreasing stream of approved drugs. To determine if 3D shape similarity can be used to rationalize an otherwise serendipitous process, we employed 3D shape-based virtual screening to reprofile existing FDA-approved drugs. The study was conducted in two phases. First, multiple histamine H(1) receptor antagonists were identified to be used as query molecules, and these were compared to a database of approved drugs. Second, the hits were ranked according to 3D similarity and the top drugs evaluated in a cell-based assay. The virtual screening methodology proved highly successful, as 13 of 23 top drugs tested selectively inhibited histamine-induced calcium release with the best being chlorprothixene (IC(50) 1 nM). Finally, we confirmed that the drugs identified using the cell-based assay were all acting at the receptor level by conducting a radioligand-binding assay using rat membrane.